Debunking Common Myths About Solar Energy
Debunking Common Myths About Solar Energy Nergal is an ancient Sumero-Babylonian deity and the god of the netherworld, where he rules with his consort Ereshkigal. Nergal actually seems to be in part a solar deity, sometimes identified with Shamash, but only a representative of a certain phase of the sun. Portrayed in hymns and myths as a god of war and pestilence, Nergal seems to represent the sun of noontime and of the summer solstice that brings destruction, high summer being the dea...
Sumerian cuneiform script and Sumerian language
Sumerian ("native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer, which was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) from at least the 4th millennium BC. During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism.
Ugaritic cuneiform was named after Ugarit, the city state where it was used in what is now Syria. It was probably created sometime during the 14th century BC. Ugaritic cuneiform outwardly resembles other cuneiform scripts and has a sound system based on consonant alphabets such as Phoenician/Canaanite. Ugarit flourished from the 14th century BC until 1180/70 BC, when it was destroyed.
Oldest instrument with neck & fingerboard
"Oldest" Sumerian instrument with neck & fingerboard. 2500 BC, on a clay tablet at temple of Bel between Tigris & Euphrates. Shepherd with a flock of sheep playing an oval shaped instrument; neck is 3 times the length of body; plays right handed; dog shown with jowls open singing along. Playing herdsman on a terra-cotta-Hilprechts "Exploration in Bible Lands" page 529; Now in the Philadelphia Museum. Found by American archeologists between Tigris & Euphrates rivers, at Nippur, a Babylonian city
The oldest and most populated city of the ancient Assyrian Empire, Nineveh, sat on the eastern bank of the Tigris river. The city is first mentioned about 1800 BC as a center of worship of Ishtar whose cult was responsible for the city's early importance. A statue of the goddess was sent to Amenhotep III, Pharaoh of Egypt in the 14th century BC by orders of the king of Mitanni.
Erbil, Kurdistan is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in history. The first mention of Erbil in literary sources comes from the archives of Ebla, recording two journeys to Erbil (Irbilum) by a messenger from Ebla around 2300 BC. Later, Erridupizir, king of Gutium, captured the city in 2200 BC. It was an integral part of Assyria from around 2500 BC until 605 BC, and it remained part of Assyria under Persian, Greek, Parthian, Roman and Sassanid rule.
Mushussu (also known as Mushhushshu or Sirrush) is the Dragon of Babylon and one of two animals depicted on the Ishtar Gate. It is depicted here on a kudurru (boundary stone) with divine symbols. This limestone kudurru dates back to the Second Dynasty of Isin, 1156-1025 BCE. Newly unearthed artifacts depicting the Mushussu or Mushhushshu that were kept in Babylon Museum in Iraq were stolen in mid October 2012. Photo by Babylon Chronicle
Ur III Sumerian cuneiform for An (and determiner for deity DINGIR). In Sumerian mythology, An (also Anu) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, Consort of Antu, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. He was one of the oldest gods in the Sumerian pantheon, and part of a triad including Enlil, god of the air and Enki, god of water.
Mushussu (also known as Mushhushshu or Sirrush) is the Dragon of Babylon and one of two animals depicted on the Ishtar Gate. This kudurru dates back to the Second Dynasty of Isin, 1156-1025 BCE. Newly unearthed artifacts depicting the Mushussu or Mushhushshu that were kept in Babylon Museum in Iraq were stolen in mid October 2012.