Ministry of Chemistry

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gamma-Aminobutyric acid (γ-Aminobutyric acid) is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. Its principal role is reducing neuronal excitability throughout the nervous system. In humans GABA is also directly responsible for the regulation of muscle tone.  #ministryofchemistry #neurotransmitter #organicchemistry #chemistry #molecule #moleculeoftheday #science #biology #chemistryisbeautiful #chemistrylove #staynerdy #nervoussystem #gaba

gamma-Aminobutyric acid (γ-Aminobutyric acid) is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. Its principal role is reducing neuronal excitability throughout the nervous system. In humans GABA is also directly responsible for the regulation of muscle tone. #ministryofchemistry #neurotransmitter #organicchemistry #chemistry #molecule #moleculeoftheday #science #biology #chemistryisbeautiful #chemistrylove #staynerdy #nervoussystem #gaba

#Trinitrotoluene or more specifically 246-trinitrotoluene is a chemical compound with the formula C6H23CH3. This yellow-colored solid is sometimes used as a reagent in chemical synthesis but it is best known as a useful explosive material with convenient handling properties. The explosive yield of TNT is considered to be the standard measure of bombs and other explosives. In chemistry TNT is used to generate charge transfer salts.  #chemistry #moleculeoftheday #tnt #explosive #chemist…

#Trinitrotoluene or more specifically 246-trinitrotoluene is a chemical compound with the formula C6H23CH3. This yellow-colored solid is sometimes used as a reagent in chemical synthesis but it is best known as a useful explosive material with convenient handling properties. The explosive yield of TNT is considered to be the standard measure of bombs and other explosives. In chemistry TNT is used to generate charge transfer salts. #chemistry #moleculeoftheday #tnt #explosive #chemist…

BINAP (22'-bis(diphenylphosphino)-11'-binaphthyl) is an organophosphorus compound. This chiral ligand is widely used in asymmetric synthesis. It consists of a pair of 2-diphenylphosphinonaphthyl groups linked at the 1 and 1 positions. This C2-symmetric framework lacks a stereogenic atom but has axial chirality due to restricted rotation (atropisomerism). The barrier to racemization is high due to steric hindrance which limits rotation about the bond linking the naphthyl rings. The dihedral…

BINAP (22'-bis(diphenylphosphino)-11'-binaphthyl) is an organophosphorus compound. This chiral ligand is widely used in asymmetric synthesis. It consists of a pair of 2-diphenylphosphinonaphthyl groups linked at the 1 and 1 positions. This C2-symmetric framework lacks a stereogenic atom but has axial chirality due to restricted rotation (atropisomerism). The barrier to racemization is high due to steric hindrance which limits rotation about the bond linking the naphthyl rings. The dihedral…

#Theobromine also known as xantheose is a bitter #alkaloid of the #cacao plant found in #chocolate as well as in a number of other foods including the leaves of the #tea plant and the #kola or #cola nut. It is in the methylxanthine class of chemical compounds which also includes the similar compounds theophylline and #caffeine . Theobromine is derived from Theobroma the name of the genus of the cacao tree (which itself is made up of the Greek roots theo (God) and brosi (food) meaning food of…

#Theobromine also known as xantheose is a bitter #alkaloid of the #cacao plant found in #chocolate as well as in a number of other foods including the leaves of the #tea plant and the #kola or #cola nut. It is in the methylxanthine class of chemical compounds which also includes the similar compounds theophylline and #caffeine . Theobromine is derived from Theobroma the name of the genus of the cacao tree (which itself is made up of the Greek roots theo (God) and brosi (food) meaning food of…

#Tetrahydrocannabinol is the main #psychoactive substance found in the cannabis plant. THC in Cannabis is assumed to be involved in self-defense perhaps against herbivores. THC also possesses high UV-B (280315 nm) absorption properties which it has been speculated could protect the plant from harmful UV radiation exposure.  #chemistry #moleculeoftheday #thc #drugs #chemist #science #scientist #chemist #smoking #joint #molecule #blunt #cannabis #staynerdy  #weed #chemistryisbeautiful…

#Tetrahydrocannabinol is the main #psychoactive substance found in the cannabis plant. THC in Cannabis is assumed to be involved in self-defense perhaps against herbivores. THC also possesses high UV-B (280315 nm) absorption properties which it has been speculated could protect the plant from harmful UV radiation exposure. #chemistry #moleculeoftheday #thc #drugs #chemist #science #scientist #chemist #smoking #joint #molecule #blunt #cannabis #staynerdy #weed #chemistryisbeautiful…

Norepinephrine (NE) also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter. The general function of norepinephrine is to mobilize the brain and body for action. Norepinephrine release is lowest during sleep rises during wakefulness and reaches much higher levels during situations of stress or danger in the so-called fight-or-flight response. In the brain norepinephrine increases…

Norepinephrine (NE) also called noradrenaline (NA) or noradrenalin is an organic chemical in the catecholamine family that functions in the brain and body as a hormone and neurotransmitter. The general function of norepinephrine is to mobilize the brain and body for action. Norepinephrine release is lowest during sleep rises during wakefulness and reaches much higher levels during situations of stress or danger in the so-called fight-or-flight response. In the brain norepinephrine increases…

Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain spinal cord and uterus where histamine neurons increase wakefulness and prevent sleep.  Histamine is involved in the inflammatory response and has a central role as a mediator of itching. As part of an immune response to foreign pathogens histamine is produced by basophils and by mast cells found in nearby…

Histamine is an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter for the brain spinal cord and uterus where histamine neurons increase wakefulness and prevent sleep. Histamine is involved in the inflammatory response and has a central role as a mediator of itching. As part of an immune response to foreign pathogens histamine is produced by basophils and by mast cells found in nearby…

Glycine (abbreviated as Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain. It is the simplest possible amino acid. The principal function of glycine is as a precursor to proteins but it also is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system especially in the spinal cord brainstem and retina. When glycine receptors are activated chloride enters the neuron via ionotropic receptors causing an Inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP)…

Glycine (abbreviated as Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain. It is the simplest possible amino acid. The principal function of glycine is as a precursor to proteins but it also is an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system especially in the spinal cord brainstem and retina. When glycine receptors are activated chloride enters the neuron via ionotropic receptors causing an Inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP)…

Glutamic acid is an α-amino acid. It is usually abbreviated as Glu or E. Glutamate is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate nervous system. Glutamic acid being a constituent of protein is present in foods that contain protein but it can only be tasted when it is present in an unbound form. Significant amounts of free glutamic acid are present in a wide variety of foods including cheese and soy sauce and is responsible for umami one of the five basic tastes of the…

Glutamic acid is an α-amino acid. It is usually abbreviated as Glu or E. Glutamate is the most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter in the vertebrate nervous system. Glutamic acid being a constituent of protein is present in foods that contain protein but it can only be tasted when it is present in an unbound form. Significant amounts of free glutamic acid are present in a wide variety of foods including cheese and soy sauce and is responsible for umami one of the five basic tastes of the…

Micro crystals of Paracetamol in polarized light microscopic photography Image credit: Radix2010  #chemistryisbeautiful #chemistry #polarized #paracetamol #crystals #woa #beautiful #science #microscopy #molecule #staynerdy

Micro crystals of Paracetamol in polarized light microscopic photography Image credit: Radix2010 #chemistryisbeautiful #chemistry #polarized #paracetamol #crystals #woa #beautiful #science #microscopy #molecule #staynerdy

#Capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is an active component of chili peppers which are plants belonging to the genus #Capsicum. It is an irritant for mammals including humans and produces a sensation of #burning in any tissue with which it comes into contact. Capsaicin and several related compounds are called capsaicinoids and are produced as secondary metabolites by chili peppers probably as deterrents against certain mammals and fungi. Pure capsaicin is a hydrophobic colorless…

#Capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is an active component of chili peppers which are plants belonging to the genus #Capsicum. It is an irritant for mammals including humans and produces a sensation of #burning in any tissue with which it comes into contact. Capsaicin and several related compounds are called capsaicinoids and are produced as secondary metabolites by chili peppers probably as deterrents against certain mammals and fungi. Pure capsaicin is a hydrophobic colorless…

Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8. It is a gas at standard temperature and pressure but compressible to a transportable liquid. A by-product of natural gas processing and petroleum refining it is commonly used as a fuel for barbecue grills. Propane is one of a group of liquefied petroleum gases (LP gases). The others include butane propylene butadiene butylene isobutylene and mixtures thereof.  #ministryofchemistry #chemistry #science #chemistryisbeautiful…

Propane is a three-carbon alkane with the molecular formula C3H8. It is a gas at standard temperature and pressure but compressible to a transportable liquid. A by-product of natural gas processing and petroleum refining it is commonly used as a fuel for barbecue grills. Propane is one of a group of liquefied petroleum gases (LP gases). The others include butane propylene butadiene butylene isobutylene and mixtures thereof. #ministryofchemistry #chemistry #science #chemistryisbeautiful…

Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme "smell") is a chemical element with symbol Os and atomic number 76. It is a hard brittle bluish-white transition metal in the platinum group that is found as a trace element in alloys mostly in platinum ores. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. Its alloys with platinum iridium and other platinum-group metals are employed in fountain pen nib tipping electrical contacts and other applications where extreme durability and…

Osmium (from Greek ὀσμή osme "smell") is a chemical element with symbol Os and atomic number 76. It is a hard brittle bluish-white transition metal in the platinum group that is found as a trace element in alloys mostly in platinum ores. Osmium is the densest naturally occurring element with a density of 22.59 g/cm3. Its alloys with platinum iridium and other platinum-group metals are employed in fountain pen nib tipping electrical contacts and other applications where extreme durability and…

Water is a transparent and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams lakes and oceans and the fluids of most living organisms. Its chemical formula is H2O meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds. Strictly speaking water refers to the liquid state of a substance that prevails at standard ambient temperature and pressure; but it often refers also to its solid state (ice) or its…

Water is a transparent and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams lakes and oceans and the fluids of most living organisms. Its chemical formula is H2O meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms that are connected by covalent bonds. Strictly speaking water refers to the liquid state of a substance that prevails at standard ambient temperature and pressure; but it often refers also to its solid state (ice) or its…

Acetic acid systematically named ethanoic acid is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2). When undiluted it is sometimes called glacial acetic acid. Vinegar is roughly 39% acetic acid by volume making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water. Acetic acid has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell. In addition to household vinegar it is mainly produced as a precursor to polyvinyl acetate and cellulose…

Acetic acid systematically named ethanoic acid is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2). When undiluted it is sometimes called glacial acetic acid. Vinegar is roughly 39% acetic acid by volume making acetic acid the main component of vinegar apart from water. Acetic acid has a distinctive sour taste and pungent smell. In addition to household vinegar it is mainly produced as a precursor to polyvinyl acetate and cellulose…

Halichondrin B is a large naturally occurring polyether macrolide originally isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria okadai by Hirata and Uemura in 1986. In the same report these authors also reported the exquisite anticancer activity of halichondrin B against murine cancer cells both in culture and in in vivo studies.  #anticancer #HalichondrinB #sponge #chemistry #moleculeoftheday #chemist #science #scientist #chemist #molecule  #staynerdy #stereochemistry

Halichondrin B is a large naturally occurring polyether macrolide originally isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria okadai by Hirata and Uemura in 1986. In the same report these authors also reported the exquisite anticancer activity of halichondrin B against murine cancer cells both in culture and in in vivo studies. #anticancer #HalichondrinB #sponge #chemistry #moleculeoftheday #chemist #science #scientist #chemist #molecule #staynerdy #stereochemistry

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