Books and Art
The Love Letter. Alfred Stevens (Belgian, Academic, 1823-1906). Oil on canvas. The lady has received a love letter and a tussie mussie. During the Victorian period, tussie mussies placed inside of a doily were designed to share a message usually between lovers. Each flower or herbal sprig contained a meaning which the lady would discover. The lady could then choose one flower to save as a keepsake or to return to her gentleman caller in response to the message the tussie mussie conveyed.
Kindred & Kind
The Victorians used flowers to communicate sentiment. Each flower was assigned a specific meaning that revealed the real motive behind sending the flowers to another person. The collection of sterling silver and gold-plated or oxidised wax seal pendants, depicting some of our most loved British flowers, is inspired by this hidden language. The Bluebell - Humility, Constancy
There was much symbolism contained within lockets of the Victorian era. For example pearls were symbolic of tears; the buckle for strength and protection, also the garter symbol which exhibited loyalty and brotherhood; the fleur-de-lis, a stylized flower, is the symbol of light and hope, also meaning trinity; ivy for everlasting life; the wreath a symbol of victory.
Penhaligon's - British Perfumers Established 1870
In the Victorian art of floriography, the bluebell represented humility and constancy. The presence of a bluebell in a floral bouquet would have symbolised one’s unwavering devotion to their love, through the means of this coded message.
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Victorian Swallow Friendship Slide Locket Charm. Silver 750. $320 Late Austro-Hungarian enameled and engraved silver charm, 1872 -1890's. "Ich Kehre Wieder" means "I'll be back". Among the Victorians swallows were a symbol of a loved one returning safely home. Flying bird was also a symbol of soul. Forget Me Not flowers were a symbol of True Love or Memories.