Last updated 6 years ago
The Ayutthaya historical park is the ruins of the former capital of the Kingdom of Siam. It is the site of mass murder, rape and enslavement of Siamese people and destruction of the Ayutthaya city, its art and buildings by the Burmese in 1767, which is recognized internationally as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city was refounded a few kilometers to the east. The city is sometimes called "Venice of the East"
Ayutthaya, Thailand — Elephants splash water to celebrate Songkran or the Thai traditional New Year festival, in the ancient city of Ayutthaya. The annual elephant Songkran is held to promote the tourism industry and is celebrated prior to the three-day Songkran Festival also known as the water festival, which is held from April 13-15. PHOTOGRAPH BY: NARONG SANGNAK / EPA
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Ayuthaya was founded in 1350 AD by King U Thong as the second capital of Siam after Sukhothai. Throughout the centuries, the ideal location between China, India and the Malay Archipelago made Ayutthaya the trading capital of Asia. By 1700 Ayutthaya had become one of the largest cities in the world with a total of 1 million inhabitants. In 1767 the city was destroyed by the Burmese army, resulting in the collapse of the kingdom.